Press Release: West Dean College of Arts and Conservation work with David Livingstone Birthplace Trust to conserve iconic plaster bust of David Livingstone

Student Andriani Maimaridou, who is currently undertaking a Professional Development Diploma after the successful completion of an MA in Conservation Studies - Ceramics and Related Materials at West Dean College of Arts and Conservation was given a big challenge - to conserve a painted plaster bust of world-famous Scottish Christian missionary David Livingstone (1813-73) in time for the re-opening of the David Livingstone Birthplace, Blantyre, South Lanarkshire on Wednesday, July 28, 2021.  

Arriving in multiple pieces, the large and heavy bust, which measures 58.5cm in height and 33cm in width, was broken in numerous fragments that could be grouped into three sections: the lower section consisted of the base or plinth; the middle section is the ‘chest’ and the top section includes the head and neck. The top section, which had the most damage, was in approximately 24 sections, while the middle section (chest) was detached from the plinth (lower section).  

Using state-of-the-art technology in West Dean’s Science Laboratory, right through to everyday items such as clingfilm, the project took 15 months to complete. One of the first things was to analyse the paint using the X-Ray Fluorescent Spectroscopy technique to identify potential hazardous components such as lead, while practical conservation treatments included surface cleaning, consolidation and bonding as well as complex and extensive filling of areas of loss. 

As Andriani explained: "The David Livingstone painted plaster bust project from within a Museum setting was a great learning experience despite interruptions due to the pandemic. Due to the complexity of the conservation treatment, careful planning, flexibility, and problem solving throughout the treatment were necessary. I had the opportunity to liaise with specialist conservators regarding the conservation treatment of plaster and large-scale sculptures. I also benefitted from working with colleagues from the Books and Paper conservation department regarding the removal and housing of the paper label. For certain tasks, such as handling and bonding the large and heavy sections I sought support from my peers in the Ceramics conservation studio.” 

She continued: “From assessment to completion, I really enjoyed all the conservation stages involved, particularly the technical challenge of filling the large voids on the head. The retouching process was not an easy task but working in a methodical way meant this all blended well at the end. I am glad that I had the opportunity to work on such an incredible project of an interesting material type, shape, context, and history." 

Natalie Milor, Curator at David Livingstone Birthplace said: “The David Livingstone Birthplace is grateful for the care Andriani has taken to restore the bust of our museum’s namesake. While we have no record of how the object was damaged, with Andriani’s expertise we look forward to displaying it as part of the newly transformed Birthplace Museum.” 

West Dean College of Arts and Conservation has an international reputation for excellence and is a full partner of the University of Sussex. Students regularly work with material from the College’s amazing Collection and Archive, as well as objects from museums and private collections, due to the College’s extensive links with the heritage sector. For Conservation and Fine Art study opportunities, see For Conservation Studies specialisms including Ceramics, Clocks, Furniture and Metalwork applications are open now for September 2021 study.   


West Dean College of Arts and Conservation can be found on Social Media: 

Explore Categories


Student Andriani Maimaridou doing the final cleaning
Fragments of the David Livingstone bust before conservation
Student Andriani Maimaridou conserving the David Livingstone bust
Student Andriani Maimaridou filling the voids in the head
The David Livingstone bust during conservation
The David Livingstone bust after conservation

Notes to Editors

West Dean College of Arts and Conservation was founded in 1971 by the poet and Surrealist patron, Edward James, recognised by BBC Arts as the ‘the greatest patron of art of the early 20th century’. 

The College is part of The Edward James Foundation (Charity No. 1126084), also comprising West Dean Gardens, West Dean Estate and West Dean Tapestry Studio.  

All photography is free to use for editorial purposes. 

West Dean College is situated on the A286, six miles north of Chichester and within easy access of Portsmouth, Guildford, Brighton and London. 

For all media enquiries please contact: 

Rachel Aked  


Telephone: 07790 732448

West Dean College of Arts and Conservation, Chichester, West Sussex, PO18 0QZ